Journal Basic Info

  • Impact Factor: 1.989**
  • H-Index: 6
  • ISSN: 2637-4625
  • DOI: 10.25107/2637-4625
**Impact Factor calculated based on Google Scholar Citations. Please contact us for any more details.

Major Scope

  •  Laparoscopic Surgery
  •  Dental Surgery
  •  Ophthalmology
  •  Anesthesiology
  •  Reconstructive Surgery
  •  Gynecological Surgery
  •  Cardiac Surgery
  •  General Surgery


Citation: World J Surg Surg Res. 2021;4(1):1278.DOI: 10.25107/2637-4625.1278

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Venous Disease among Females in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia

Al Wahbi A1*, Abrar Bindohaim2, Raghad AlShaalan2, Rwan AlMalki2, Roaa AlJadeed2

1Department of Surgery, Ministry of the National Guard-Health Affairs, Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia
2King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia

*Correspondance to: Abdullah Al Wahbi 

 PDF  Full Text Research Article | Open Access


Background: Varicose veins are one of the most common chronic venous disorders of the lower
limbs. It occurs frequently in most populations which causes considerable morbidity and imposes
high cost at therapeutic, occupational and social levels.
Methods: This study aimed to measure the prevalence, demographic variables and risk factors
associated of Varicose Veins in the adult female population in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi
Arabia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in different setting areas in Riyadh city.
Results: A total 380 adult females, aged 18 to 65 years were included. The prevalence of Varicose
Veins among the study participants was 181 (47.6%). Using Clinical, Etiological, Anatomical,
Pathophysiological classification (CEAP), most participants were C0 (199, 52.4%) and C1 (129,
33.9%). Chi Square test revealed a positive relationship between age, educational level, marital
status, positive family history, body mass index <0.001 and use of oral contraceptives 0.002. Study
participants reported pain (35%) and restlessness (33.4%) as the most frequent leg symptoms.
Multivariate regression analysis showed a significant association between age and positive family
history of Varicose Veins with the presence of Varicose Veins with odds ratio above 1.
Conclusion: This study is the first to report the prevalence of Varicose Veins in the female population
of Saudi Arabia. It showed a high prevalence of


Chronic venous disease; Varicose veins; CEAP classification; Chronic venous insufficiency; Prevalence; Risk factors

Cite the Article:

Al Wahbi A, Dohaim Al, Shalaan Al, Malki Al, Jadeed Al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Venous Disease among Females in Riyadh City, Saudi Arabia. World J Surg Surgical Res. 2021; 4: 1278..

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