Research Article

Evaluation and Outcome of Hypospadias Associated with Testicular Microlithiasis

Background: Hypospadias (HP), as an external genitalia anomaly might be associated with Testicular Microlithiasis (TML) and Undescended Testis (UDT).

Published on 14 Dec, 2018


Case Report

Cecocolic Intussusception in an Infant with Cecal Duplication Cyst: Case Report with Review of Literature

Background: Intussusception is a quite common gastrointestinal emergency in children.

Published on 14 Dec, 2018


Case Report

The Combination of Tubal Pregnancy and Gigantic Myoma in Young Reproductive Age: Case Report

The clinical case of emergency hospitalization of a combination of gigantic myoma and progressive tubal pregnancy in a young 27-year-old woman with conservative myomectomy and tubectomy with preservation of the uterus was analyzed. The mass of myomatous nodes after removal was 620 grams.

Published on 14 Dec, 2018


Short Communication

Spine Surgery by Spinal Fusion: Benefits vs. Risks

The fixation of the lumbar spine allows to recover the stability or to correct the alignment of the vertebrae in the cases in which there is an alteration, either by degenerative, post-surgical, congenital or traumatic processes.

Published on 10 Dec, 2018


Case Presentation

Locally Advanced Cancer of the Ascending Colon - Laparoscopic Right Colectomy with Complete Mesocolic Excision

Background: Complete Mesocolic Excision (CME) in colon cancer surgery seems to improve oncological outcome. CME is technically demanding with increased risks of vascular injury.

Published on 27 Nov, 2018


Review Article

The Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Volumetric Overload Shocks in Patho-Etiology, Correcting Errors and Misconceptions on Fluid Therapy, Vascular and Capillary Physiology

Introduction and Objective: To report critical literature analysis that shows Volumetric Overload Shock (VOS) is the real patho-etiology of the Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) demonstrating multiple errors and misconceptions on fluid therapy that predisposes to VOS and ARDS.

Published on 23 Nov, 2018


Editorial

Xi’an Consensus on Magnetic Surgery

The interest in magnetic surgery has increased over the past decade following the development of minimally invasive procedures.

Published on 21 Nov, 2018


Research Article

A Gender-Focused Analysis of 36 Perioperative Risk Factors on Long Term Survival of Acute Type A Aortic Dissection - Equal Chances?

We focused on gender specific perioperative risk factors for the survival of an acute Stanford type A aortic dissection.

Published on 08 Nov, 2018


Research Article

Basic Experiment on Thoracoscopic Aortic Cross-Clamping as an Alternative to Resuscitative Thoracotomy

Background: Aortic Cross-Clamping (ACC) via Resuscitative Thoracotomy (RT) is performed in patients with haemorrhagic shock not only to control bleeding, but also to redistribute the limited blood volume to the coronary and cerebral arteries.

Published on 05 Nov, 2018


Case Report

Massive Acetabular Bone Loss Reconstructed with a Custom Triflange Acetabular Component during Revision Hip Arthroplasty

Reconstruction of the failed acetabular component in the setting of massive bone loss and acetabular fracture is one of the most difficult technical challenges in orthopedic surgery.

Published on 05 Nov, 2018


Case Report

An Interesting Case Report of a Giant Bladder Calculi in China

Objective: To reports giant bladder calculi in a 52 year old man.

Published on 05 Nov, 2018


Case Report

Ruptured Tubal Cyst Torsion and Successful Surgical Treatment

Tubal torsion is extremely rare in pregnancy. Shortly before the labor is a more rare condition.

Published on 30 Oct, 2018


Research Article

Burn Injury Patterns and Validation of the Abbreviated Burn Severity Index as a Predictor of Outcome in a Southwestern Nigerian Hospital

The pattern of burn injuries are dynamic and vary between places being influenced by several factors.

Published on 30 Oct, 2018


Case Report

A Very Rare Complication after Removal of Intrauterine Device: Multiple Intestinal Rupture

Intrauterine device, it may cause various Complications during and after insertion or removal. In this case report IUD.

Published on 22 Oct, 2018


Case Report

Successful Laparoscopic Treatment of Intrauterine Device and Complication Causing Uterine Rupture

Intrauterine Devices (IUD) are widely used as a method of birth control.

Published on 22 Oct, 2018


Research Article

Intracorporeal Autologous Hepatocyte Matrix Implant for the Treatment of Chronic Liver Disease: A Modified Clinical Phase I Study

Background and Aim: Cultured human autologous hepatocyte matrix implants have been used to treat chronic liver cirrhosis with some success and are a promising method to counter liver damage.

Published on 17 Oct, 2018


Short Communication

Bowel Sounds: Is it Time for Surgeons to Hang-up their Stethoscopes?

The noises produced by the movement of gas and fluids during peristalsis are bowel sounds or borborygmi.

Published on 17 Oct, 2018


Surgical Technique

Modification in Blunt Dissection Technique during Transverse Perineal Support Operation

Perineal Descent (PD) is characterized by the reduction of strength in perineal muscles with changes in force vectors during defecation.

Published on 17 Oct, 2018


Research Article

Hiatal Hernioplasty with a Novel Composite Mesh Design: Results of a Multicenter Study after Two- Years Follow-up

Background: Surgical treatment of paraesophageal hiatal hernia is still controversial, particularly in aspects related to surgical technique, being the main problem the high recurrence rate, between 20% and 30%.

Published on 17 Oct, 2018



Research Article

Design and Validation of a Novel and Cost-Effective Animal Tissue Model for Training Laparoscopic Adhesiolysis and Mesh Repair of an Incisional Hernia

Objectives: To design and validate a new and cost-effective animal tissue training model for practicing laparoscopic adhesiolysis and mesh repair of an incisional hernia.

Published on 20 Sep, 2018


Research Article

Grouping Patients after Surgery by Minimum Sum of Squares Clustering Method

In this paper for the first time the clustering method is applied in surgery post-operational complications.

Published on 20 Sep, 2018


Case Report

Hypoplastic Ipsilateral Internal Carotid Artery as a Cause of Acute Ischaemic Stroke: A Case Report

Ischaemic stroke caused by carotid artery disease is generally attributed to atherosclerotic disease of the carotid bifurcation.

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Mini Review

Tips in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (P-Nets)

A neuroendocrine tumor seems to arise from neural and endocrine cells. The most common are carcinoid rumors and neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas (P-NETs).

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Review Article

Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia (PASH) in Adolescence: A Systematic Review

Objective: Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia (PASH) of the breast is a benign mesenchymal proliferative lesion occurring most commonly in middle-aged, premenopausal women and it’s exceptionally rare in adolescents.

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Case Report

Pseudocirrhosis in Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer after Treatment with Eribulin

Pseudocirrhosis, an important complication of metastatic disease, is rarely seen and most commonly described in patients with breast cancer.

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Research Article

Comparative Study of Standard Fundoplication (Nissen and Toupet) vs. Modified Toupet Fundoplication for GERD Repair

Introduction: Failure following anti reflux surgery for GERD is reported from 3% to 30%, predominantly from reflux recurrence.

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Case Report

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei with Metastatic Ovarian Tumor in a 28-Years-Old Patient: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

Pseudo Myxoma Peritonei (PMP) or gelatinous disease of the peritoneum is a very rare tumor that originates from a ruptured appendiceal mucocele in the abdomen.

Published on 27 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Discrepancy in Colorectal Cancer Staging: A Single Center Experience

Background: The TNM (Tumor Node Metastases) staging system developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) is the most widely used classification system for colorectal cancer staging.

Published on 17 Sep, 2018


Research Article

Intraoperative Needle Aspiration Parathyroid Hormone Levels for Diagnosis of Abnormal Parathyroid Glands and Intraoperative Localization of Parathyroid Glands

Introduction: The success of parathyroidectomy depends on two important factors: accurate surgical recognition of abnormal parathyroid glands and pathological parathyroid confirmation of removed tissues.

Published on 15 Sep, 2018


Case Report

Mammary Myofibroblastoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature

Benign breast diseases are still considered the largest comprise of breast complaints in developing countries.

Published on 14 Sep, 2018


Research Article

Elective vs. Emergency Stoma Surgery Outcomes

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare general and stoma specific complications in patients having stoma surgery in either an emergency or elective setting during their index hospital admission.

Published on 27 Aug, 2018


Case Report

Cystosufflation to Prevent Bladder Injury during Single Incision Laparoscopic Management of an Incisional Ventral Hernia

Background: Scarless/single-incision laparoscopy is becoming popular but still faces much criticism.

Published on 27 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Review of Predictors of Postoperative Pain

Introduction: Pain in the postoperative period reported by the patient (acute or chronic) is an important aspect that must be taken into consideration and widely studied, since it interferes in the patient's acceptance by this method of treatment, prognosis, quality of life, besides being a descriptor of the quality of the service in which the surgery was performed and of the professionals involved.

Published on 27 Aug, 2018


Short Communication

Investigation of Chinese Neurosurgeon Creativity - What can be drawn from the US Neurosurgeon Education System

The creativity of Chinese young neurosurgeon is a weakness comparing to that of the counterparts in US.

Published on 27 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Treatment of Fibroadenoma by Ultrasound-Guided Vacuum Assisted Breast Biopsy at Ho Chi Minh City Oncology Hospital

Introduction: VABB is effective for complete removal of benign lesion of the breast such as fibroadenoma.

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Case Report

Primary Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma of the Maxilla

Lymphomas, or malignant lymphatic tissue neoplasms, can be classified as Hodgkin (HL) or Non-Hodgkin (NHL).

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Case Report

Short Term Sildenafil Treatment and Successful Percutaneous Closure and a Patient with a Large Secundum - Type Atrial Septal Defect and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Secundum Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is the most common form of congenital heart disease in adults.

Published on 23 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Long Term Results of the Ex-PRESS P-200 Miniature Glaucoma Filtration Device in Primary and Secondary Glaucoma

Purpose: To report the efficacy and safety of the Ex-PRESS P-200 glaucoma filtration device implanted under a partial-thickness scleral flap in white adult patients affected by uncontrolled primary or secondary glaucoma, and to evaluate the ability of clinical variables to predict the success of the Ex-PRESS implant.

Published on 23 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Evaluation of Thromboembolism and Valve Thrombosis in Patients with Rheumatic Heart Disease Undergoing Mitral Tissue Valve Replacement in the Presence of Atrial Fibrillation with or without Left Atrial Clot: Review of A 17-Years’ Experience

Background and Aim: To evaluate the incidence of thromboembolism in patients implanted with tissue mitral valves and to evaluate the risks and benefits of left atrial appendage ligation.

Published on 23 Aug, 2018


Case Report

Pancreatic Head Adenocarcinoma in Preadolescence

Pancreatic cancers usually presents in older age group, with a median age of 66 years.

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Surgical Technique

“Dynamic” Needle Aspiration for Painful Hypertrophic Subacromial Bursa

Shoulder pain is a very frequent complaint in primary care and the vast majority of painful shoulder problems are due to acute subacromial bursitis and bicipital tendinitis [1].

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Case Report

A Rare Case of Malakoplakia Masquerading as a Recurrence of Surgically Treated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A 57 year old woman presented with ongoing pain and a mass in her left loin approximately four months after undergoing laparoscopic radical nephrectomy because of a left renal mass.

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Case Report

Intracranial Migration of Proximal and Distal Components of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt in the Child

Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt (VPS) is the most frequent method to treat obstructive or normal pressure hydrocephalus in neurosurgical practice.

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Case Report

A Case of Acute Suprascrotal Vasitis

A 35-year-old man presented with an acute, painful lower left quadrant and groin mass with signs of sepsis.

Published on 24 Aug, 2018


Research Article

Staged Closure of Gastroschisis using Alexis Wound Retractor and Protector

Background: Gastroschisis is the most common congenital anterior abdominal wall defect.

Published on 15 Aug, 2018


Review Article

Cellular Senescence and their Role in Liver Metabolism in Health and Disease: Overview and Future Directions

Chronic liver disease has globally risen mainly due to a prevalent Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection rate and an epidemic of obesity.

Published on 10 Aug, 2018


Research Article

First 200 Robotic General Surgery Cases in a Community Hospital: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Background and Objectives: A retrospective series and learning curve of the first 101 robotic general surgery cases from a single surgeon in a small community hospital has been previously reported.

Published on 08 Aug, 2018


Short Communication

A Rare Clinical Case of Multivessel Stenosis and Lesions in Patient with Takayasu's Disease

Takayasu's disease is a systemic, inflammatory autoimmune disease.

Published on 06 Aug, 2018


Review Article

Use of Superior Mesenteric Vein for Renal Transplant Venous Outflow in a Patient with Extensive Inferior Vena Cava Thrombosis; a Case Report

In patients with end stage renal failure having native iliac vein and inferior vena caval thrombosis, renal transplantation becomes a significant challenge with limited options for technical success.

Published on 03 Aug, 2018


Review Article

Strangulation Obstruction and the Release of Strangulation. Effects of Fluid Administration on Mucosal Blood Flow and Damage

Background/Purpose: This study evaluates bowel mucosa damage and the consequences of crystalloid fluid administration on mucosa damages upon release from strangulation obstruction.

Published on 13 Jul, 2018


Research Article

Correlation of Basal Cell Carcinoma Variables with Operation Variables: Which Factors can Improve Patients` Treatment Burden?

Background: The burden of Basal Cell Carcinomas (BCCs) for the health care system is high and prevention and therapy need to be perfected.

Published on 03 Aug, 2018


Editorial

Breast Cancer: A Curable Disease

Breast cancer is the malignant tumor. No dermatological most frequent among Women around the world with incidence figures that are growing in recent years, mainly due to unhealthy social and nutritional habits, since there is a clear correlation between their incidence and the level of economic development.

Published on 28 May, 2018


Research Article

To Calculate the Distance Travelled, Calories Consumed and Duration of Active Walking during a 12 Hours On-call Surgical Shift at Cumberland Infirmary, Carlisle, United Kingdom

Introduction: To calculate Distance travelled, Calories consumed and duration of active walking during 12-hour shift by the members of surgical team On-Call in District General Hospital.

Published on 27 Jul, 2018


Review Article

Pericardiectomy for Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis: Where are we after 100 Years?

This study attempts to address several controversies that surround an important disease entity, chronic constrictive pericarditis with reference to an optimal surgical approach, the extent of decortication which can be achieved by individual surgical approaches, its optimal surgical timings, the requirement for cardiopulmonary bypass, and the management of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome following pericardiectomy in the present era.

Published on 12 Jul, 2018


Review Article

Utility and Untoward Effects of Lipid Emulsion Therapy in Patients with Poisoning by Cardioactive Drugs

Lipid resuscitation therapy is the administration of an Intravenous Lipid Emulsion Therapy (IVLET) in order to alleviate clinical manifestations of toxicity from certain overdoses, including local anesthetics, Calcium-Channel Blockers (CCB), β-Blockers (BB), antipsychotics, antidepressants and other drugs.

Published on 26 Jul, 2018


Research Article

Synovial Fluid Analysis in Patients with Osteoarthritis Requiring Total Joint Arthroplasty

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive disease characterized by degeneration of the articular cartilage in joints.

Published on 18 Jul, 2018


Case Report

A Rare Tumor in the Colon: A Case of Pleomorphic Sarcoma

Colonic primary mesenchymal tumors are very rare. Although they resemble epithelial tumors both clinically and macroscopically, they can be distinguished by their pathological features.

Published on 13 Jul, 2018


Review Article

Bilobar Liver Metastases: A Challenge for Surgical Strategies

In recent decades, the surgical approach in patients with liver metastasis has seen substantial changes.

Published on 13 Jul, 2018


Case Report

Growing Teratoma Syndrome: A Report of a Rare Case with a Detailed Review of the Literature

Growing Teratoma Syndrome (GTS) is a rare entity, which requires clinical vigilance for early diagnosis.

Published on 04 Jul, 2018


Case Report

Morgagni Diaphragmatic Hernia in Children: One Center’s Experience

Background: Morgagni hernia is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia in children. We reviewed our experience with this anomaly at a tertiary care institution.

Published on 02 Jul, 2018


Case Report

Treatment of a Patient with a Congenital Tooth Anomaly by an Implant-Supported Fixed Hybrid Prosthesis: A Case Presentation

Objective: Tooth agenesis, or hypodontia, refers to situations in which one or more teeth have not developed.

Published on 29 Jun, 2018


Research Article

The Safety and Efficacy of Eliminating Acute Subdural Hematoma by Means of Gradual Decompression

Background and Objective: Acute subdural hematoma is a common emergency in department of neurosurgery, and its fatality rate and disability rate have been high.

Published on 28 Jun, 2018


Research Article

Comparison between Indocyanine-Green and Fluorescein for Cerebrovascular Surgery

Purpose: Intraoperative Fluorescent Angiography (IFA) with two types of fluorescent dyes of Fluorescein (FS) and Indocyanine Green (ICG) is a useful tool for cerebrovascular surgery.

Published on 28 Jun, 2018



Short Communication

Clinical Utility of 5-Day-on/2-Day-off UFT/Leucovorin in Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer

Background: Recent clinical studies proved oral Uracil/Tegafur (UFT)/Leucovorin (LV) regimen, in which the drugs are taken for 28 consecutive days every 35 days, equivalent to an infusional 5-fluorouracil/LV regimen for treatment of Colorectal Cancer (CRC).

Published on 04 Jun, 2018


Research Article

Biliothorax: Review of 3 Centers Experience in Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Biliothorax is the accumulation of bile in the pleural cavity.

Published on 01 Jun, 2018


Case Report

Immature Gastric Teratoma Arising from Lesser Curvature

Gastric teratoma is a rare tumor in neonate. The incidence of gastric teratoma is less than 1% of all types of teratoma.

Published on 29 May, 2018


Research Article

Chronic Subdural Haematoma: A Retrospective Series of 158 Cases

Introduction: We present a series of 158 cases of patients admitted to our Neurosurgery ward due to the presence of a Chronic Subdural Haematoma (CSDH) as the main pathology.

Published on 29 May, 2018


Research Article

Evaluation of the Factors Affecting the Patency of Arteriovenous Fistulas used for Hemodialysis in End Stage Renal Failure Patients

The continuity of vascular access still causes major problems and cost loss in end stage renal failure patients.

Published on 29 May, 2018


Case Report

Umbilical Epidermoid Cyst Associated with an Urachal Remnant: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Epidermoid Cysts (EC) are uncommon in children. They can occur on anybody surface but the most common sites of involvement include face, neck and trunk.

Published on 21 May, 2018


Mini Review

Routine use of Abdominal Drainage after Laparoscopic Appendectomy: Yes or No?

Acute appendicitis is a common cause of abdominal pain and is one of the most common surgical abdominal emergencies.

Published on 15 May, 2018


Review Article

Postoperative Abdominal Adhesions: Pathogenesis and Current Preventive Techniques

Postoperative Abdominal Adhesions (PAA) are a condition that occurs in more than 90% of patients undergoing abdomen surgery, they can cause chronic abdominal pain, female infertility and repeated bowel obstruction, requiring repetitive surgical interventions causing morbidity and mortality, as well as high costs.

Published on 03 May, 2018


Case Report

Mycotic Peripheral Pulmonary Arterial Pseudoaneurysm in Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Infective Endocarditis: A Rare but Fatal Complication

Patent ductus arteriosus with infective endocarditis complicated by peripheral pulmonary arterial mycotic pseudoaneurysm is rare now-a-days especially due to early diagnosis and more efficient antibacterial drug management.

Published on 03 May, 2018


Case Report

An Unusual Pediatric Oral Submucous Fibrosis Case Report with Combinative Treatment Plan

Oral Submucous Fibrosis (SMF) is considered as an irreversible, chronic and premalignant condition with the clinical manifestation of progressive fibrotic scar in the oral soft tissue.

Published on 02 May, 2018


Case Report

Penetrating Head Injury by a Knife Whetstone

Non-missile penetrating head injuries are rare but well-known phenomenon among the civilian population.

Published on 02 May, 2018


Short Communication

Comparison between Open and Laparoscopic Appendectomy: A Systematic Review

Acute appendicitis is the most common intra-abdominal condition which requires emergency surgery in children.

Published on 27 Apr, 2018


Research Article

3T MRI in the Evaluation of Acute Appendicitis in the Pediatric Population

Introduction: Computed Tomography (CT) is commonly used to evaluate suspected acute appendicitis; however, ionizing radiation limits its use in children.

Published on 23 Apr, 2018


Research Article

Fresh Frozen Plasma versus Albumin in Treatment of Cerebral Vasospasm in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Historical Cohort Study

Background: Patients with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) are susceptible of developing cerebral vasospasm, and intravascular volume expansion remains one of the mainstays of treatment.

Published on 16 Apr, 2018


Research Article

Small Bowel Obstruction after Laparoscopic Appendectomy in Children

Introduction: The aim of this study is to determine the characteristics and the treatments of the patients with bowel obstruction after laparoscopic appendectomy.

Published on 02 Apr, 2018





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