World J Surg Surg Res | Volume 4, Issue 1 | Research Article | Open Access

Impact of Bariatric Surgery on the Sexuality of Both Gender: A Transversal Study from Campina Grande – Paraíba, Brazil

Camilla Ribeiro Lima de Farias1 *, Eduardo Pachú2 and Carlos Teixeira Brandt3

Department of Public Health Science, The State University of Paraíba, Brazil 2 Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil 3 The University of Liverpool, UK

*Correspondance to: Camilla Ribeiro Lima de Farias 

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Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the self-reported sexuality from obese adults who had undergone bariatric surgery. Methods: This is a study performed at Institute of Obesity and Endoscopic Surgery from the Paraíba, Brazil. It was recruited 221 individuals. It was excluded patients with severe cognitive restriction and endocrine conditions. The patients underwent either gastric sleeve or bypass. It was used, for women, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and for men International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). The continuous parameters were expressed by their means and standard deviations. The qualitative parameters were expressed by their frequencies. P ≤ 0.05 was used for rejecting the null hypothesis. The research was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. All recruited patients signed the consent form. Results: It was recruited 221 patients (168 - 76.0% women and 53 - 24.0% men). The ages ranged from 18 to 72 years, with a mean of 40.7 ± 10.2 years. The mean follow-up was 2.9 ± 1.7 years. The most frequent ethnicity was brown (114 - 51.6%). With regard to marital status, (163 - 73.8%) were married and the majority completed higher education (119 - 53.8%). A significant reduction in BMI was observed - p<0.001. One hundred and seventy-five (79.2%) presented either with isolated type 2 diabetes and hypertension or both; most of them presented control of associated morbidities. It was observed that the frequency with regard to female sexual function was similar between those who were above the cut-off point for good sexual function and those who did not have this condition (n=85; 50.6%; p=0.877). The domain of sexual satisfaction mostly presented a score below the 2nd quartile (n=99; 58.9%; p=0.021), indicating that these women had an impaired sexual function. It is worthwhile to mention the frequency of almost 80% of men reported having normal erectile function. Furthermore, six men (11.3%) became fathers. The general sexual function, after bariatric surgery, is similar in men as compared to women. Conclusion: A trend for better results is more evident in men who underwent bariatric surgery. Observation about the high frequency of normal erectile function and fatherhood among men lends support to this outcome.

Keywords:

Obesity; Bariatric surgery; Sexuality; Sexual dysfunction

Citation:

de Farias CRL, Pachú E, Brandt CT. Impact of Bariatric Surgery on the Sexuality of Both Gender: A Transversal Study from Campina Grande – Paraíba, Brazil. World J Surg Surgical Res. 2021; 4: 1351.

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